COVID-19 is officially a pandemic. The “fake news” that’s already been circulating about it has been dubbed an infodemic.
You’ve likely heard the phrase “fake news” multiple times if you’ve ever heard Donald Trump spew random sentences vehemently. But what is it exactly? As defined by the New York Times, “fake news” is any false article that’s “deliberately fabricated to deceive readers, generally with the goal of profiting through clickbait. Clickbait is content whose main purpose is to attract attention and encourage visitors to click on a link to a particular web page” (2016).
To add, these fake articles tend to be disseminated, swiftly circulating across social media platforms like wildfires with their eye-catching headlines and oddly punctuated messages. People see these articles and are encouraged to share them without even analyzing the message or the sources behind the message.
Okay, so how do we determine if a source is “fake news” or actually true, then? tKt’s advice is to follow this chart explicitly.
If the source of an article is your online friend or a politician’s tweet, then you should definitely question the source immediately. If you can identify several spelling mistakes, punctuation errors, or text in ALL CAPS, then the article in question is likely clickbait. Additionally, it may help to follow the guidelines in this article if you’re uncertain about a story’s source.
Sometimes an article might look like it’s from a legit source, but it’s not at all. After all, if a scamming website can be set up to look like your bank’s secure site, who’s to say that “fake news” can’t masquerade as a legitimate news source such as CBC or The Globe and Mail? Remember to analyze everything with scrutiny and follow your gut if something doesn’t feel right.
As an example, where should you go for legitimate news on updates to the COVID-19 pandemic? Trusted sources like CBC and The Globe and Mail would be great places to start, as would official government channels like Health and Community Services NL and gov.nl. This way, you can avoid similar-looking websites that are out to deceive you and suspicious links that friends might send to you.
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